Titanium Uses – Titanium Processing Center
Titanium has many desirable properties which make it widely used
Titanium’s many desirable properties have made it the metal of choice in many industries. No other engineering metal has risen so swiftly to pre-eminence in critical and demanding applications. Titanium and its alloys have proven to be technically superior in a wide variety of industrial and commercial applications in such fields as aerospace, architecture, sporting equipment, military hardware, watch making, eyewear, medical implants, dental products and more.
The physiological inertness of titanium makes it available as a replacement for bones and cartilage in a variety of surgeries. Titanium is used for heart valves, pace makers, dental implants, artificial hips and joints. Titanium is also used in surgery equipment and wheelchairs. Titanium is used in metallic alloys as a substitute for aluminum because of its strength and lightweight, along with its heat and corrosion resistance. Alloyed with aluminum and vanadium (aircraft grade titanium 6.4), titanium is used in aircraft for firewalls, outer skin, landing-gear components, hydraulic tubing, and engine supports. The compressor blades, disks, and housing of jet engines are also made of titanium. A commercial jet transport uses between 3500 and 12000 kg (7000 and 25000 pounds) of the metal. A supersonic transport uses much more, between 14 to 45 metric tons of titanium. The use of titanium has made space exploration possible. The Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo capsules were made largely of the metal. The space shuttle has many titanium parts as well as the international space station. Titanium is also widely used in military hardware such as jet fighters, missiles, tanks, ships and submarines.
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is extensively used for both house and artist’s paint because it is permanent and has a good covering power. Titanium paint is an excellent reflector of infrared, and is widely used in solar observatories where heat causes poor visibility. Titanium dioxide is also common in the production of pigments for paper, plastics, rubber, cosmetics, textiles, glass and ceramics. Titanium is used in heat exchangers and in desalinization plants because of its outstanding ability to withstand saltwater and atmospheric corrosion (regardless of pollutants). This also explains why it provides total reliability in many marine or naval applications. In metallurgy, titanium alloys are employed as deoxidizers and denitrogenizers to remove oxygen and nitrogen from molten metals.